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Secularism

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Secularism means - outside of religion and in the present political and philosophical opinion, it refers to a government obeying civil laws, independently from any religion and not favouring any particular religion.

Also, secularism includes the priority of the civil laws over any religious bindings. As per the readings,there are about 1100 millions of people following seclarism.

As per the Secularism, the people from various faiths and sections of society are equal before the law, the Constitution and government policy and also there should not be no mixing up of religion and politics.

So there is neither differentiation among the religions or faiths. It also implies that the government and other bodies should exists separately form the religion.

As per the studies, it is learned that the modern western societies are found to be more secular, because of the complete freedom of religion and the religious leaders have less authority over the political decisions.

The secular society neither sets any overall aim, nor is there a common ideal type of behavior with universal application. It helps its people to realise their aims.

There is equality of all people and respect for the individuals and no barriers of class and caste. Some societies become increasingly secular as the result of social processes, rather than through the actions of a dedicated secular movement.

It is called assecularisation. Secularism is a code of duty pertaining to this life and its essential principles are - The improvement of the life by material means - The science is the vital support of human - Always do a good act.

India is a secular country and as per the Hindus," Sarva Dharma Samabhav" (all religions are equal). Secularism is normally defined as something that has nothing to do with religion.

In Hindus, if one doesn't go to a temple or wear the sacred thread or perform Sandhyavandhanam (morning and evening prayers) or does not observe fast,one still remains a Hindu and could be branded as communal.

In contrast, if a Muslim does not visit the mosque or disbelieve Allah or a Christian abstains from church on a Sunday, he is a controversal person.

A secular country will not make decisions based on a person's religion and the citizens of such a country are free to follow any religion of their choice. This is the actual definition of a secular country.

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Secular Countries

1- America - Brazil, Canada, Mexico, Cuba, United States.

2- Asia - India, Japan, South Korea, East Timor, Azerbaijan, Malaysia, Laos, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Syria, Tajakistan, Turkey, Vietnam, Nepal, Phillipines, Singapore.

3- Europe - France, Austria, Belgium, Albania, Bosnia, Germany, Belgaria, Hugary, Portugal, Ireland, Serbia, Russia, Romania, Estonia, Czech, Sweden.

4- Oceania - New Zealand, Australia.

5- Africa - Senegal, Somania, Angola, Benin, Chad, Cape Verde, Congo, Liberia, Guinea, South Africa, Mali

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Secular Quotes

1- "If I were a dictator, religion and state would be separate. I swear by my religion. I will die for it. But it is my personal affair. The state has nothing to do with it. The state would look after your secular welfare, health, communications, foreign relations, currency and so on, but not your or my religion. That is everybody's personal concern!"
- Mahatma Gandhi

2- "Nobody ever wanted to go to war, but if a war came your way, it might as well be the right war, about the most important things in the world, and you might as well, if you were going to fight it, be called "Rushdie," and stand where your father had placed you, in the tradition of the grand Aristotelian, Averroes, Abul Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Rushd."
- Salman Rushdie

3- "How dismal it is to see present day Americans yearning for the very orthodoxy that their country was founded to escape."
- Christopher Hitchens

4- "My people are going to learn the principles of democracy the dictates of truth and the teachings of science. Superstition must go. Let them worship as they will, every man can follow his own conscience provided it does not interfere with sane reason or bid him act against the liberty of his fellow men."
- Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

5- "Being a Humanist means trying to behave decently without expectation of rewards or punishment after you are dead."
- Kurt Vonnegut

6- "Those who would renegotiate the boundaries between church and state must therefore answer a difficult question: why would we trade a system that has served us so well for one that has served others so poorly?"
- Sandra Day O'Connor

7- "The secularizing 'values' and events that have been predicted would happen in the Muslim world have now begun to unfold with increasing momentum and persistence due still to the Muslims' lack of understanding of the true nature and implications of secularization as a philosophical program."
- Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas

8- "Misstraue jedem Politiker, jedem Regierungs- oder Staatschef, der seine Religion zum Instrument macht. Halte Abstand von solchen Politikern, die ihre auf das Jenseits orientierte Religion und ihre diesseitige Politik miteinander vermischen."
- Helmut Schmidt

9- "But the philosophical and scientific process which I call 'secularization' necessarily involves the divesting of spiritual meaning from the world of nature; the desacralization of politics from human affairs; and the deconsecration of values from the human mind and conduct."
- Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas,

10- "A secular government is a human government, whereas a non-secular government is a government of animals."
- Abhijit Naskar