Sri Thyagaraja Aradhana Festival at Thiruvaiyaru is dedicated to Saint Thyagaraja, the greatest saint composer of Carnatic and south Indian classical music.The Tyagaraja Aradhana Festival is observed on the fifth day after full moon in the Telugu month of Pushya. It is the day when Sri Thyagaraja attained Samadhi.
Tyagaraja Aradhana,the music festival is held every year at Thiruvaiyyaru in the months of January- February in Tyagaraja's honour.This is a week-long festival of music where various Carnatic musicians from all over the world gather at his resting place.The Carnatic musicians sing the Panchatantra Kritis in unison with the accompaniment of several south Indian music intruments.The programme is attended by thousands of people.
On the Aradhana festival day, hundreds of Carnatic musicians pay their homage to the Saint Thyagaraja by rendering his 'Pancharathna Kritis' in chorus at his samadhi at Thiruvaiyaru.Thiruvaiyaru is located on theRiver and is around 13 km northeast of Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu.Thyagaraja Aradhana Festival is held around the world on the day in memory of Saint Thyagarajar.
Sri.Tygaraja was born on 4th May1767 in a small town named Tiruvarur in the district of Tanjavur, Tamilnadu.He was born at his maternal grand-father's house who was known as Girija Kavi.His parents were- Kakarla Ramabrahmam and Sitamma,a Telugu Brahmin family.The presiding deity in the Tiruvarur is Lord Tyagaraja,hence he was named after the deity .
In the court of the king of Tanjavur,Girija Kavi was a poet and composer.Tyagaraja composed thousands of devotional compositions, most of them in praise of Lord.His compositions remain very popular even today. Of special mention are five of his compositions called the 'Panchatantra Kritis'.
It is believed that he was an incarnation of Sage Valmiki, the composer of the great epic Ramayana.At a very early age,Tyagaraja got married to a Parvatamma,who died soon after her marriage.Later on,he got married to a lady named Kamalamba and the couple was blessed with a daughter named Seethalakshm and were a happy family.
Tyagaraja began his music career at a very small age.He was taking lessons from Sonty Venkatramanayya,who was a genius musician.Tyagaraja was learning music to get devotional pleasure.He had an apt for composing music, and in a tender age he composed his first song Namo Namo Raghavayya in the Desika Todi raga.He had his two co-musicians and formed the trinity,the other two were Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Shastri.
In a musical performance at the place of his guru he sang the Panchatantra Krtis and won the hearts of all present.Guru,Venkataramanayya was so much pleased,that he informed the King of Thanajavur about Tyagaraja's talent.Soon,The king of tanjavur sent many rich gifts to Tyagaraja and invited him to attend the royal court.However Tyagaraja was not interested in the proposal and rejected the invitation. His brother was very angry with Tyagaraja's decision and threw the statues of Lord Sri. Ram in the Kauveri River,which Tyagaraja used to worship.
Tyagaraja was very much upset with this and went on pigrimage to various temples in south India.He composed many 'Kritis' in praise of the temple deities.Tyagaraja's works are some of the best and most beautiful literary expressions in Telugu.Sage Valmiki composed 24000 verses of Ramayan and Tyagaraja also composed 24000 kritis in the praise of the lord K.V.Ramachandran.Tyagaraja left for his heavenly abode on 6th of January 1847 and his samadhi mandir is at Thiruvaiyyaru,Tanjuvar district in Tamilnadu,India.