The moon is the Earth's only natural satellite, which is 4.6 billion years old and was formed almost 40 million years after the solar system was formed.
The moon is almost the size of planet Pluto which is much smaller than the Earth. As per the information, it's surface area is about 14.6 million square miles, lesser than Asia. When the moon is opposite the sun we see a full moon as it's fully lit up by the sun.However in between, we see a crescent moon as only some reflected sunlight is seen.A new moon occurs every 29.5 days.The moon vanishes from the sky when it is between Earth and the sun.
Super Moon, scientifically called "Perigee-Syzygy", happens when a full moon is closest to the Earth. You can see in the night sky a full moon so close to you. Since it orbits in our planetary system in an elliptical path, it sometimes comes closest to us than any other other times. From the earth the moon appears 30 per cent brighter and 14 per cent bigger in size and this is the most spectacular supermoon since 1948.
The event on Monday November 14, called "Undeniably Beautiful" by Nasa, is the result of the moon coming closer to Earth since last 69 years and as per the astronomy it will re-occur on November 25 2034.The closest full moon of the 21st century will fall on December 6, 2052.
On 14th nov.16, at 11.23am UK time, the gap between the Earth and the moon will be the closest -221,525 miles (356,510 km) to its shortest point, known as "Perigee".
Sky watchers in the UK will have to wait till the full moon emerges in all its glory shortly before 5pm.
A supermoon results when the moon reaches its full phase at the closest point to Earth along the satellite's elliptical orbit, causing the object to look somewhat bigger and brighter in the sky than usual. The Slooh Community Observatory will offer a live broadcast for November's full moon on Nov. 13 at 8 p.m. EST (0100 GMT on Nov. 14)
There are six supermoons in the year 2016. We've already had four, and after next week there's one on December 14, 2016.Each full moon of the year is given a name. October's full moon is called the Hunters' moon since it appears shortly after sunset, and spreads more light for farmers working in the fields and hunters to spot their targets.
It is a well known fact that the tides are governed by the gravitational pull of the moon and, to a lesser extent, the sun. Because the sun and moon go through different alignments, this affects the size of the tides.When the moon is closer to Earth, it can lead to slightly higher tides, and greater variations between the tides.
The other types of Moon are as follows-
Full moon: This come every month and light up the night at night, termed as "Purnima" by Hindus.
Harvest moon: The full moon closest to the autumn equinox.
Strawberry moon: A rare event when there's a full moon on the same day as the summer solstice. It happened before in 1967, then in June 2016.
Black moon: Most experts agree that this refers to the second new moon in a calendar month. The last black moon was at the start of October 2016 and the next one is expected in 2019.
Blood moon: It happens when the shadow of Earth casts a reddish glow on the moon, resulting a rare combination of an eclipse with the closest full moon of the year. The last was in September 2015 and the next one will not be be until 2033.
Blue moon: A second full moon in a single calendar month is sometimes called a blue moon. A black moon is supposedly the flip side of a blue moon.
As per the observations since previous years, it applies the ability to trigger emotional reactions and extreme behaviour in animals and humans.A spike in admissions to hospitals is reported when the moon is full, and also the police forces have reported a rise in crime. A study published in the World Journal of Surgery in 2011 found that more than 40 per cent of medical staff believed lunar phases had an impact on human behaviour.
As per a theory it is learnt that the water in our bodies is affected by the movement of the moon, same as it controls the tides. As the fluid in our body shifts, it tips the balance in our minds, which can trigger extreme emotions.
Some researchers have found in 2013 that, people slept for 20 minutes less when there was a full moon.
The Apollo-11 space ship was the first manned mission by US, to land on the Moon, on 20 July 1969. Astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin and Michael Collins stepped on the lunar surface.There were six manned U.S. landings between years 1969 - 1972 and several unmanned landings, with no soft landings happening from August 1976 until December 2013.