Swami RamKrishna, was born on February 18, 1836 in the village of Kamarpukur, in the Hooghly district of West Bengal, India.
His original name was Gadadhar Chattopaddhyay, born to parents Khudiram and Chandramani. Ramakrishna was born in a poor family and his parents were hardly able to make both ends meet
At his investiture ceremony (Upanayna) he shocked everyone when he declared that he would have his first alms as a Brahmin from a certain Sudra woman of the village.
No argument or appeal was able to budge him from his position. Finally, Ramkumar, his eldest brother and the head of the family after the passing away of their father, gave in.
When Ramakrishna started worshipping the deity Bhavatarini, he began to question if he was worshipping a piece of stone or a living Goddess. This question disturbed him day and night.
He prayed to Goddess Kali to reveal Herself to him. One day he was so impatient to see Mother Kali that he decided to end his life.
He seized a sword hanging on the wall and was about to strike himself with it, when he is reported to have seen light coming from the deity in waves.
He is said to have been soon overwhelmed by the waves and fell unconscious on the floor. Ramakrishna prayed to Goddess Kali for more religious experiences and he is believed to have experienced number of them.
Swami Ramkrishna Math in Chennai
Soon he became popular and drawn by the magnetism of Sri Ramakrishna's divine personality, people flocked to him from far and near. People of all ages, caste and religion visited him. Ramakrishna Paramhansa's small room in the Dakshineswar temple garden on the outskirts of the city of Calcutta became a veritable parliament of religions.
Ramakrishna emphasised that God-realisation is the supreme goal of all living beings. Hence, for him, religion served as a means for the achievement of this goal.
Ramakrishna's mystical realization, classified by hindu tradition as nirvikalpa samadhi (constant meditation), led him to believe that various religions are various ways to reach the absolute and that the ultimate Reality could never be expressed in human terms.
Ramakrishna Paramhansa taught ceaselessly for fifteen years the basic truths of religion through parables, metaphors, songs and by his own life.
Ramakrishna Paramhansa was one of the foremost Hindu spiritual leaders of the country.His teachings are still deeply revered by the people. He attained Mahasamadhi on August 16, 1886.Swami Vivekananda, the saint-philosopher and orator,was his disciples.
Quotes of Ramkrishna Paramahans
01- Women are, all of them, the veritable images of Shakti.
02- Knowledge leads to unity, but Ignorance to diversity.
03- Lovers of God do not belong to any caste.
04- Never get into your head that your faith alone is true and every other is false. Know for certain that God without form is real and that God with form is also real. Then hold fast to whichever faith appeals to you.
05- Through selfless work, love of God grows in the heart. Then, through His grace, one realizes Him in course of time. God can be seen, one can talk to Him, as I am talking to you.
06- Many are the names of God, and infinite the forms that lead us to know Him. In whatsoever name or form you desire to call Him, in that very form and name you will see Him.
07- Rain-water never stands on high ground, but runs down to the lowest level. So also the mercy of God remains in the hearts of the lowly, but drains off from those of the vain and the proud.
08- As you pray to God for devotion, so also pray that you may not find fault with anyone.
09- Men are like pillow-cases. The colour of one may be red, that of another blue, and that of the third black; but all contain the same cotton within. So it is with man; one is beautiful, another is ugly, a third holy , and a fourth wicked; but the Divine Being dwells in them all.
10- It is the mind that makes one wise or ignorant, bound or emancipated.
11- It is easy to talk on religion, but difficult to practice it."
Once Ramakrishna Paramahansa and his dissiples were walking along a river. Suddenly he spotted a scorpion on the surface of the river, struggling to survive and trying to get out of there desperately.
As Ramakrishna saw this little creature in deep trouble, he felt very bad and ran into the water and lifted the scorpion. The scorpion which was already afraid of its death stung him badly.
As Ramakrishna reacted by shaking his hand, the scorpion fell back into river water and started to struggle desperately to survive. Ramakrishna lifted it again and ran towards the bank of the river to save it. The scared scorpion stung him again very badly.
Ramakrishna then found a twig floating in the water and rescued the scorpion by shifting it to the river bank. One of the disciples, witnessed the entire episode.
He asked his Guru Ramakrishna as to why he lifted the scorpion for the second time, even after it stung him so badly? The Guru Ramakrishna replied that, it was nature of the scorpion, that it would sting in fear when caught by someone.
However it was my nature to help it, hence I did not change my nature just because it stung me. The dissiple was fully convinced and impressed by the great thoughts of Satguru Shri. Ramakrishna.
Guru Ramkrishna and Kali Mata
Once Guru Ramkrishna had not consumed any food for a long time. Swami Vivekanand with the other dissiples visited him and requested him to eat some food.
Ramkrishna told them about his throat ailment of throat cancer and inability to eat. Vivekanand said - "you are a great dissiple of Kali Mata whom you can plead for getting relief from this fatal disease.".
Ramkrishna explained that the ailments which are destined in this birth have to be tolerated and passed through for our further path of salvation.
If those are avoided now then we have to take the next birth to complete it. But the dissiples insisted that he should plead to mata for relief that he can eat without any pains.
Accordingly Ramkrishna prayed to Kali kata who appeared before him. He told her his problem and requested her to give a boon that his throat gets cured to eat food.
Kali Mata asked him why ne needs his own throat to eat food ! why he can not eat though the thorat of others ! Ramkrishna was convinced by Mata's advise and came back.
Ramkrishna offered food to his dissiples and I told them that he will be satisfied if they eat the food on his behalf. Vivekanand and other dissiples were impressed by such a great thought of Guru and never again insisted him to eat.