Saint Dnyaneshwar was the second of the four children of Vithalpant and Rukminibai Kulkarni, a pious couple from the village Apegaon near Paithan, in Maharashtra, India, on the banks of River Godavari.
All the four children were very intelligent and pious. They studied the Vedas and Shastras under Vitthalpant Vitthalpant was excommunicated since he had resumed his family life even after adopting "Sanyas".
Because of the excommunication the children could not join the brahmin community or study in schools run by them. In a hopeless state of mind Vithalpant and Rukminibai abandoned their children at Apegaon.
They travelled to Prayag and ended their life in the River Ganges. The orphan children then approached the brahmin community of Paithan to accept them as brahmins after whatever purification rites necessary but the brahmin community refused.
However, due to their excellent behaviour they were permitted to live in the community on the condition that they will observe celibacy and produce no progeny.
About this time when Dnyaneshwar was 12 years old, Nivrutinath initiated him into the Nath sect and instructed him to write a commentary on Gita. The children moved to Nevase, a village in Nagar district on the banks of Pravara river .
There Dnyandeo began his commentary on Gita. He used to give a discourse on it to a group of seekers, some of them belonging to the Nath sect but many were followers of the path of devotion.
A local devotee by name Sacchinanandbaba wrote down whatever Dnyandeo said. A prominent person among the audience was the saint Namdeo known for the miracle where Vithoba the presiding deity of Pandharpur had eaten the food offering brought by Namdeo when he was a mere boy.
In the year 1287 Dnyandeo(12) started on his commentary which he called Bhavarthadeepika. He finished it two and half years later in 1290. By that time he had developed a great friendship with Namdeo.
Shortly after the completion of Bhavarthadeepika, Dnyandeo joined the varkari movement probably under the influence of Namdeo and virtually became their leader.Dnyaneshwari and Amritanubhava are holy texts for the Varkari sect today.
Dnyandeo then accompanied Namdeo and several other followers of devotee path like Savata Mali, began a pilgrimage of all the holy places of north, east and west India.
Immediately after returning to Alandi Dnyandeo (in 1296) expressed his desire to leave his body by taking samadhi. He chose the thirteenth day of the dark fortnight of Kartik for the final samadhi.
People gathered and had final round of bhajans etc. Dnyandeo embraced his brothers and sister and close friends like Namdeo. With tears in the eyes of all he entered the cave and sat in the yogic posture.
The cave was sealed by a stone and Dnyandeo left his body by yogic process. Dnyandeo was only 21 years of age at this time.
Saint Dnyaneshwar Samadhi at Alandi
Copies of Dnyaneshwari were preserved by many families and were read regularly. In the course of copying and probably due to the additions of their own works, many copies got corrupted.
Three hundred years later, in 1584 Saint Eknath collected several available copies and after careful studies prepared a good copy of Dnyaneshwari.
1- Buffalo chants vedas
Dnyanoba wanted to learn the Vedas and be a true Brahmin. But, But due to his father's sins he was not accepted as a disciple by any Brahmin,t hough he begged and pleaded several teachers.
When he was rejeccted for losing his Brahmin caste, he explained that he was a Brahmin by varna and not by caste and there would be no way for him to lose this Brahmin status. He further claimed to know the Vedas.
Buffalo chants vedas
However dnyanoba was insulted by saying that he could chant the vedas only like buffaoes can do. Dnyanoba immediately stared at the buffalo standing before him and touched its forehead and soon the buffalo started chanting the Vedas.
The people around were stunned to witness the miracle and were convinced that the little boy, Dnyaneshwar was a saint.
2- Baking on back
In Alandi there was a Brahmin named Visoba Chati. He was very orthodox and used to ridicule the Sadhus and sages. Once Nivrittinath expressed his desire to Muktabai to eat "Mande", which are required to be baked on a frying pan.
So Muktabai went round the village for buying a pan. Vosoba, who was wicked, had informed all the potters in the village not to give the pan to Muktabai and hence she could not get it in the whole village.
She came home empty-handed and was sobbing, because she thought that Nivrittinath, her eldest brother, would get annoyed at this.
When Dnyaneshwar knew about this he consoled Muktabai and by the power of Yoga, he kindled the fire inside his stomach and told Muktabai to bake the "Mande" on his back which was as red hot as the frying pan.
3- The wall moves
One Yogi, Changdeo by name, was said to be fourteen hundred years old. By his Yogic power he had subdued all fierce beings like the tiger and the serpent.
After knowing the power of Dnyaneshwar he started for a visit to him. He rode on a tiger and was using a serpent as a whip. At that time Dnyaneshwar and his brethren were sitting on a compound wall outside their house.
When they were told that Changdeo was coming to them on tiger backs they made the wall itself to move and thus went forward to receive Changdeo.
Sant Dnyaneshwar makes the wall move
When Changdeo found that Dnyaneshwar was having control over inanimate objects as against his control on living beings, he was completely subdued and knew his folly in underestimating the power of Dnyaneshwar.
He at once fell at the feet of Dnyaneshwar and became his disciple. A number of such other miracles are narrated under the name of Dnyaneshwar; but they need not all be listed over here.
The miracles already referred to are enough to show the supernatural power of Shri Dnyaneshwar.