Mata Laxmi, also called 'Shri', - means Good Luck to Hindus. The word 'Lakshmi' is derived from the Sanskrit word "Laksya", meaning 'aim'.
She is the goddess of wealth, luxury, beauty, power, generosity and auspiciousness. She also married Shri Rama in her incarnation as Sita and Krishna as Rukmini and Radha.
Lakshmi is the embodiment of God's superior spiritual feminine energy which purifies, empowers and uplifts the individual. She is also the personification of the Spiritual energy within us and universe called Kundalini.
Lakshmi is one of the mother goddesses and is addressed as "mata" (mother) instead of just "devi" (goddess). Lakshmi is depicted as a beautiful woman of golden complexion.
She has four hands, sitting or standing on a full-bloomed lotus and holding a lotus bud, which stands for beauty, purity and fertility.
Her four hands represent the four ends of human life. Two elephants are often shown standing next to the goddess and sprinkling water. Maha Lakshmi is claimed to fulfill the promises of material, wealth and contentment.
Lakshmi is the household goddess of most Hindu families, and a favorite of women. The festive month of October is Mata Lakshmi's special month.
Lakshmi Puja is celebrated on the full moon night of Kojagari Purnima. Gold coins are shown flowing from her hands,which suggests that her worshippers gain wealth. She always wears gold embroidered red clothes.
Red symbolizes activity and the golden lining represents prosperity. Lakshmi is the consort of Lord Vishnu, and also appears as Lakshmi-Narayan. Hindus worship Lakshmi for the peace and prosperity of the family.
Businessmen worship her to get good fortune in the trade. On the full moon night following Dusshera or Durga Puja, Hindus worship Lakshmi with big celebrations and pray for her blessings.
They invite neighbors to attend the puja. It is strongly believed by Hindus, that on full moon night Mata visits the homes showers with wealth. A special worship is also offered to Lakshmi on the auspicious Diwali night.
The birth of Mata Lakshmi
Sage Durvasa once offered a garland of flowers to God Indra, who accepted it and places the same on the forehead of his elephant, Airavat.
The elephant threw the garland down on the earth and Lord Indra did not even apologise for the same. That irated Sage Durvasa who became very angry.
In anger he said to Indra - "It's your arrogance that has insulted my garland which is the dwelling of the Goddess of fortune".
Sage Durvasa cursed Lord Indra that his kingdom would get ruined like the insulted garland. Indra later returned to his capital Amravati.
As an effect of Durvasa's curse, Amravati got struck with tragedies and led to downfall. The Gods became weak and powerless. As a result the demons immediately attacked and defeated the Gods.
The Gods wanted their power back hence they requested Lord Vishnu for the churning of the ocean to get the nectar that would make them immortal.
On their request the churning of the ocean started and Goddess Lakshmi emerged out of the waves seated on a full-blown lotus.
The Goddess Lakshmi chose God Vishnu as her Master and defeated the demons. The Gods were happy to get back their power.
Lakshmi Mata Gayatri Mantra
❘ ❘ Aum Mahalakshmai cha vidmahe, Vishnupatnyai cha dhimahi, Tanno Lakshmi Prachodayat ❘ ❘