Indian National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana

The national anthem of India is 'Jana Gana Mana'.It is the begimimg five stanzas of a Brahmo hymn.It is composed by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore.On 27 December 1911, it was first sung at the Kolkatta Session of the Indian National Congress Party.During 1919.

The Anthem composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the national anthem of India on 24 January 1950.The complete song consists of five stanzas,however,the first stanza contains the full version of the National Anthem.

Tagore received an invitation to spend few days, from his friend,an Irish poet James H. Cousins and principal of Besant Theosophical College,Madanapalle. On the evening of February 28, 1919 he attended the students gathering and on Cousins's request, sang the Jana Gana Mana in Bengali.The college authorities were highly impressed by the lofty ideals of the song and the praise to God and selected it as their prayer song.

Later,Shri. Ravindranath Tagore wrote the english version of the song and with the help of Ms. Margaret Cousins- a maestro in European music, composed the music,which is being followed till today.The song was carried beyond the borders of India by the college students and became The Morning Song of India and subsequently the national anthem.

It takes about 50-60 seconds for a formal rendition of the national anthem,whereas a short version of the first and last lines takes about 20-25 seconds to play.As on today,in Madanapalle in the library of Besant Theosophical College , the framed original English translation of Jana gana Mana, titled as The Morning Song of India in Tagore's handwriting, is displayed.

Indian Flag

The Indian national flag symbolizes freedom.It is a horizontal rectangular and tricolour (Tiranga), consisting of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top,white in the middle and dark green at the bottom.The colours are in equal proportions.

The ratio of the length to the width of the flag is three is to two.

In the centre of the white band, there is a wheel in navy blue colour,called 'Ashok Chakra'.The diameter of the chakra is almost the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes

. The colour,saffron stands for courage, sacrifice and the spirit of renunciation.The white,for purity and truth. The green for faith and fertility.

'Ashok Chakra' is a Buddhist symbol dating back to 200th century BC.The 24 spokes symbolises that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.

The design of the National Flag of India was adopted by India's constituent assembly on 22nd july, 1947. The use of the national flag and it's display are regulated by a code.As per the Indian law there is a severe punishment for misusing or insulting the national flag in anyway.

The Code of conduct

The National Anthem of India is played or sung on various occasions by government and public.As per the practise the people stand up in 'Attension pose' till the Anthem is over and then bow down and say - "Jai-Hind".

In this respect,Instructions have been issued from time to time from government authorities,about the occasions on which these are to be played or sung,the correct versions of the Anthem and the need for paying respect to the anthem by observance of proper decorum on such occasions.However, for general information and guidance of people,the detail instructions are embodied in the information sheet issued by the government of India.

The Lyrics of Indian National Anthem Devnagari Script

Indian National Anthem - English

Janaganamana adhinayaka jaya he Bharatbhagyavidhata ll
Punjab Sindh Gujarat Maratha Dravida Ukala Vanga l
Vindhya Himachala Yamuna Ganga uchhala jaladhitaranga ll
Tava shubhs name jage l
Tava shubha ashish mage l
Gahe tava jaya gatha l
Janaganamangaldayak jaya he bharatbhagyavidhata l
Jaya he jaya he jaya he jaya jaya jaya jaya he ll

The Lyrics of Indian National Anthem Bengali Script

জনগণমন-অধিনায়ক জয় হে.
ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা
পঞ্জাব সিন্ধু গুজরাট মরাঠা
দ্রাবিড় উৎ‍‌কল বঙ্গ
বিন্ধ্য হিমাচল যমুনা গঙ্গা
উচ্ছল জলধি তরঙ্গ
তব শুভ নামে জাগে
তব শুভ আশিস মাগে
গাহে তব জয়গাথা
জনগণমঙ্গলদায়ক জয় হে
ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা
জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় হে,
জয় জয় জয়, জয় হে

Trasliteration of Bengali Indian NAtional Anthem

Jonogonomono-odhinaeoko joeo he
Bharotobhaggobidhata,
Ponjabo Shindhu Gujorato Moratha
Drabido Utkolo Bongo,
Bindho Himacholo Jomuna Gonga
Uchchholo jolodhi torongo,
Tobo shubho name jage
Tobo shubho ashish mage
Gahe tobo joeogatha,
Jonogonomonggolodaeoko joeo he
Bharotobhaggobidhata,
Joeo he, joeo he, joeo he,
joeo joeo joeo, joeo he.

The translation, as provided by the Government of India's national portal -

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India's destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts ofPunjabSindhu,
Gujaratand Maratha,
Of the Dravida andOrissaand Bengal,
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Jamuna and Ganges and is
chanted by the waves of the Indian Ocean,
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise,
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India's destiny,
victory forever.

The Lyrics of Indian National Anthem Musical Score