Hindu - Scriptures
Rigved SamhitaThis is the oldest scripture,containing a total of 1,028 hymns,addressed to various deities.It's period is from about 1,200 B.C.E. to 900 B.C.E. This veda is divided into ten books,called Mandalas. The important deity is the warrior God Indra(c. 250 hymns)who finished the demon Vritra,for obstructing the source of potable water.God Agni(c. 200 hymns),the god of fire.The nineth book is addressed to Som, the God of the intoxicating drink ,Som.
Samaved SamhitaThis is a handbook of chants,derived from the eight and nineth book of the Rigved.This was used by one of the Brahman priests who presided at the sacrificial rituals.
Yajurved SamhitaThis emphases the mechanics of the sacrifice. Although animal sacrifice was known, especially the hugely elaborate Ashvamedha or horse sacrifice, and the purushamedha or human sacrifice is referred to, sacrifice is usually of vegetable offerings and soma.
Atharvaved Samhita(named for a priestly family, the Atharvans) a later compilation of complete hymns and spells which are less directly attached to the domestic sacrificial rituals.
There are three sections-
The Shrauta-expounded on the Vedas,
The Grihya-Domestic ceremonies,
The Dharmasutras-The righteousness.
Yogasutra of Patanjali
Means restraint (Yogasutra 2.30-31).
The restraints are honesty,nonviolence, celibacy, truthfulness and no temptations.
Means Conduct (Yogasutra 2.32).
This is the observance of purity,ascetic practice,satisfaction and dedication to Yogeshsvara,the lord of Yoga.
Means Posture (Yogasutra 2.46).
The right ways of postures.
Means Breath control (Yogasutra 2.49).
Means Concentration (Yogasutra 2.52-53/3.1).
Concentrating on single object with a stable mind.
Means Meditation (Yogasutra 3.2).
Getting absoebed in to the God.
Means Withdrawal of the senses (Yogasutra 2.54).
Pratyahara is the withdrawal of the sense organs from their objects.
Means trance (Yogasutra 2.45).
Samadhi is accomplished through dedication to the Lord of Yoga",Lord Krishna.