Hanuman is the son of Vayu, the God of Wind. He is humble yet very brave. Hanuman's divine strength, mental discipline and spiritual purity have made him extremely popular in Hindus all over the world.
Brihaspati had an attendant called Punjikasthala, who was cursed to assume the form of a female monkey who could be reinstated if she would give birth to an incarnation of Lord Shiva.
Reborn as Anjana, she intensely worshipped Lord Shiva, who was pleased and granted her the boon that would release her off the curse.
The god of fire, Agni, gave Dasharath, the king of Ayodhya, a bowl of divine pudding to share among his wives to have divine children, when an eagle snatched a part of the pudding and dropped it where Anjana was meditating.
The god of wind, Pavan, blew the pudding to her outstretched hands.
After she had the divine pudding, God Hanuman was born, who was the incarnation of Lord Shiva as a monkey. The birth was by the blessings of God of Wind, Pavan, who thus became Hanuman's father and Hanuman is named as Pavan Putra.
The birth of Hanuman released Anjana from the curse. She assured him that he would never die, and said that fruits as ripe as the rising sun would be his food. Mistaking the glowing sun as his food, the divine baby leapt for it.
Indra struck him with his thunderbolt and hurled him down to earth. But Hanuman's father, Pavan carried him to the nether world, 'Patala'.
As he departed from the earth, all living beings panted for air, and Brahma had to beg him to return. In order to appease him they conferred a lot of boons and blessings on his foster child that made Hanuman immortal and super powerful.
Hanuman selected Surya, the sun god as his preceptor and approached him with the request to teach the scriptures. Soon Hanuman became his disciple.
But he had to face his constantly moving guru by traversing the sky backwards at equal pace, while taking his lessons.Hanuman's miraculous concentration took him only 60 hours to master the scriptures.
Surya, the sun god asked Hanuman to assist his son Sugriva, by being his minister.
Hanuman is popular from the Indian epic, Ramayana. Sita, the wife of Prince Rama, was abducted by the demon king Ravana. Hanuman leads his army of monkeys and builds a bridge from India to the island of Lanka, where Sita was cordoned.
Hanuman's monkey force attacked the army of demon king Ravana. Hanuman flew Ram-Laxman on his shoulders to Lanka, the kingdom of Ravana. In the severe battle, the demon king Ravana was killed by the prince, Ram and Sita was released.
Hanuman & Sun
Hanuman was the son of Anjana, who was born by the grace of 'Vayu' the wind god and therefore he was also known as 'Vayu Putra'.
When Anjana used to go out to the forest to get fruits, Vayu would play with Hanuman. little Hanuman would run after the leaves and flowers which were blown away by the 'Vayu'.
As Hanuman used to hear his mother's call Vayu made an air cushion and Hanuman floated on it back home.
One fine morning when Hanuman woke up, he was very hungry and there were no fruits to eat. He saw the sun rising which looked red.
That fruit looks very 'juicy' said Hanuman and ran out up the nearby hill. Vayu flew him towards the sun. The sun observed the kid flying towards him with a great speed. Surya, the sun god, was tensed up and shouted for help.
In no time, Indra the king of the gods, appeared, riding on his elephant 'Airavata', which was white in colour with four tusks. However, the elephant looked like a toy to Hanuman and went after the elephant.
Indra shouted to go away but Hanuman continued to grab the elephant by its trunks. Finally Indra pushed away Hanuman with his powerful weapon and Hanuman's face started bloating. Vayu quickly took him in his arms and rushed inside a cave.
The moment Vayu locked himself in the cave, the wind stopped blowing and all living beings on earth got suffocated. Indra was alarmed for he knew living beings cannot live for long without air.
Soon all gods with Indra ran after Surya who gathered outside the cave and appealed to Vayu to come out by offering their blessings to his child Hanuman.
Indra said - Hanuman is a very wonderful son, when he grows up, he will achieve great feats. Indra also granted the boon of great knowledge and wisdom and blessed him for immortality.
Surya lauded - Hanuman has a miraculous strength and Surya granted him the boon of extraordinary strength. All other gods blessed saying that - Hanuman can assume any form, small or big.
Vayu was pleased to hear the boons showered on little Hanuman and came out of the cave to thank Indra and the gods. The wind began to move and the living beings started to breathe with ease.
Hanuman immediately headed home, floating on the air cushion provided by Vayu. When Hanuman reached home and hugged his mother.
Hanuman carries meru parvat
It was called the sumeru parvat, which lifted by Hanuman to save lakshman and when he was flying back to keep the mountain back in its place a chip of the mountain fell off.
It formed the drona parvat in the region of rajapalayam in tamilnadu. It is believed that the Sanjeevani is a magical herb, having the medicinal power to cure serious issues where death is almost certain.
When Ravana's son Indrajit badly hurt Laxmana during the battle, he was unconscious and about to breathe his last. Shri. Rama was adviced to use Sanjinani herb as medicine to recover Laxmana.
Hanuman was called upon to fetch this herb from the mount Dronagiri, far to the north of the Vindhyas on the slopes of the Himalayas.
On reaching mount Dronagiri, Hanuman could not identify the herb and lifted the whole mountain and brought it to the battlefield which recovered Laxmana back to normalcy.