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is the ninth incarnation of Vishnu,according to the Hindus and he is the symbol of Buddhi(Intelligence). Most of the teachings of Buddha are readily accepted and endorsed by Hindus.Buddha was born to Suddhodana and Mahamaya in the year 563 BC and was named Siddarth.There was a miracle on his birth that the flowers bloomed and the musical instruments created melodies without anyone playing it.
Buddha got married to Yashoda,his cousin,the daugher of King of Koli.When he was 29 years old the problem of disease,sufferings and death,was impressively set before him.Buddha was very much annoyed with the life due to the grief and unhappiness he saw around and was very much restless.Later on,after ten years he gave birth to a baby boy,who was named as Rahul.But Buddha took him as one more liability in his way.
The same night Buddha left his family in the search of Sages and Saints.Subsequently, he was not satisfied with their teachings and he started meditating alone but he was not reaching the goal.Later on,after wandering for some period,Buddha took a seat under a Bo tree,where he got peace of mind and after meditating further he got enlighted and became "Buddha".
Finally Buddha visited his native place and was welcome by his family with devotion.The parents,his wife,Yeshoda and son adopted Buddhism.At the age of 54 ie year 483 BC,Buddha left for his heavenly abode from his city Pawa.He was surrounded by his devotees.Buddha's last advise was-" Work out your salvation with diligence.
He stopped the ritual slaughter of animals which was going on in the name of vedic sacrifice and taught compassion to all living beings. Ahimsa (non-violation) was the main teaching of Buddha.Many the of revolutionary figures like Mahatma Gandhi etc.were inspired by the life and teachings of the Buddha and many of his attempted reforms.
His existance was to teach and show others the path leading to unending joy.He is often described as a yogi or a sannyasi. Varahapurana states that one desirous of beauty should worship him.In some of the Puranas, Buddha is described as having taken birth to "mislead the demons".
The Teachings Of Buddha
Gautama Buddha delivered his first sermon in the Pali language, on the banks of the river Ganges at Varanasi. He delivered his lecture to only five men.They experienced Buddha glowed with a brilliant inner radiance and became his first followers.Later on,Buddha was involved in a larger crowd and instructed them to spread his message all over.
Buddha's teachings consist of The Four Noble Truths, followed by The Eight-Fold Path.
The Four Noble Truths are as follows
1. The world is full of suffering and sorrow.
2. The cause of suffering is desire.
3. The renunciation of desires will lead to salvation from the world, and
4. The path to salvation can be achieved by following The Eight-Fold Path.
The Eight Fold Path is as under
* Right Knowledge means a basic and thorough understanding of the Four Noble Truths.
* Right Attitude means having an unselfish and mentally healthy attitude to life, free from hatred.
* Right Speech means speaking words that are good and true. One should not lie or gossip.
* Right Action means always conducting oneself in a way that does not harm, hurt nor displease anyone.
* Right Means of Livelihood means that one must always strive to earn one's livelihood by honest means.
* Right Effort means developing good tendencies and destroy negative inclinations.
* Right Awareness means we should introspect about our inclinations and not give in easily to temptation.
* Right Meditation means working towards training your mind towards intense concentration.
Buddhism also advocated the doctrines of Karma and reincarnation. Buddha preached that the soul goes through many incarnations before it finally sheds all its Karma and is reunited to its pure state. He called this state Nirvana. This is a state where all the desires and cravings of the mind become extinct and a state of total, uninterrupted bliss is experienced.
What is notable about Buddhism is the absence of a personal Creator or God in its tenets. While Buddha did not deny the existence of God, he preached that the universe is guided and governed by a Supreme Power that did not possess a name or form. Consequently, all rites and rituals became defunct.